Glen Discovery in GlenLyon
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Amelia Volume 2 chapter 2

Historical Sketch and House of Glenstray [1]  

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KING CHARLES., who was born in Dunfermline, 19th November 1600, succeeded his father 1625. He married on the 11th May following, Henrietta Maria, daughter of King Henry IV. of France. In November of the same year a proclamation was made in Scotland announcing a general Revocation of Grants by the Crown, and of all acquisitions to the prejudice of the Crown. The Act of Revocation aimed at the absorption of all ecclesiastic estates which had been granted to or acquired by territorial magnates. This interference with the former settlement and with the teinds or tithes was the beginning of disagreement between the King and the people, who feared the land and revenues formerly enjoyed by the clergy would in consequence be restored. The landed proprietors and the presbyterian party were alike alarmed.

The King entered Scotland on the 12th June 1633, and was crowned King of Scotland on the 18th June. In 1637 the so-called Liturgy tumults took place in Edinburgh. The opponents of the measures of the King and Council divided themselves into “Nobles, Lesser Barons, Burgesses, and Clergy,” each of these classes elected four representatives forming an executive body known in history as “The Tables.” In 1638 the league called the Covenant was renewed, having been originally started in the reign of King James VI., 1581-1583. It was now signed very numerously in the Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh.

In 1639 the Covenant sought to force the city of Aberdeen to join it ; three or four thousand men were gathered under the command of the [page 8} Marquis of Montrose, with Leslie as his lieutenant, to oppose the Earl of Huntly who was named by the King as the Royal Lieutenant in the North, but Huntly was eventually decoyed by the Covenanters and committed to prison in Edinburgh. Open warfare between the King’s party and the Covenant broke out and continued for several years. Later, at a period when the Scots army was disbanded and affairs in England had turned much against the King, his majesty revisited Scotland in 1641 and held a parliament in Edinburgh. About this time the Marquis of Montrose, discovering that some of the Covenanting party held disloyal sentiments, withdrew from them and thenceforward served the King with the utmost devotion.

In 1644 he was given a commission as Lieutenant-General in Scotland, and arriving secretly in Perthshire was joined by a large body of Highlanders with whom he won a series of brilliant victories, till on the 12th September 1645 Montrose’s forces were defeated at Philiphaugh by the Covenanters’ army under David Leslie. One of the chief victories was the battle of Kilsyth, where “the battle began with some legitimate fighting, in which the Ogilvies and other lowland cavaliers took part. But the Highland onset was again tried at the right time; the human torrent rushed clown the Brae with a wild roar or yell, and carried all before it. Those who had pieces discharged them and threw them down, then all swept forward in the great rush that must be destruction either to themselves or to their enemies.” [2]  

In England the King had sustained defeats from the Parliamentary forces. He had latterly shut himself up in Oxford, from whence on the approach of the Parliamentary army he escaped, resolved to take refuge with the Scots army under Alexander Leslie [3]   then before Newark. The King arrived there on May 5, 1646, but soon found himself a prisoner. He remained with the army for eight months till in January 1647 he was delivered over to commissioners of the English Parliament. In 1648 an army under the [page 9} Duke of Hamilton was sent from Scotland with the intention of saving the King ; it was defeated by Cromwell at Preston, and the victor marched to Edinburgh and conferred with Argyle. But Scotland had no concern with the High Court of Justice in Westminster which tried and condemned their sovereign who was beheaded on the 30th January 1649.

On the 5th of February 1649, immediately after the news of the King’s Execution reached Edinburgh, Charles II. was solemnly proclaimed King at the Cross as “King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland.” The faction which had usurped the reins of Government in Scotland still wished to recognise the principles of hereditary Monarchy, although in England the dominant party were contemplating the arrangement of a Commonwealth. The Duke of Hamilton had been executed in England, and the Marquis of Huntly in Scotland, very soon after Charles I.’s death. Montrose who had engaged in war in Germany after the loss of his hopes at Philiphaugh, was anxious to serve the cause of the young King and landed in Scotland with a small force, but his effort failed, he was seized by MacLeod of Assynt and conveyed to Edinburgh, where his noble life was ended by the sentence of the Estates on the 25th May 1650.

Commissioners having been sent from Scotland to confer with the King he was induced to sign the Covenant, after which he landed in Scotland on 3rd July, and on 1st January 1651 he was crowned at Scone. Soon after the King’s arrival Cromwell, alarmed at the apparent reconciliation of parties in Scotland, had invaded it and fought several actions, generally victorious. At the King’s suggestion the Scots Army resolved to invade England in August 1651, leaving Cromwell in the neighbourhood of Perth. But the Protector dispatched orders to his commanders in England and himself rapidly pursued the Scots Army; at length on the 3rd September 1651, the Scots Army sustained a crushing defeat at Worcester, being annihilated and the King forced to fly. Meanwhile a strong parliamentary force had been left in Scotland under General Monk who, two days before the Battle of Worcester, took the town of Dundee by storm with a fearful slaughter of the innocent population. Thus the party in Scotland which began the great Civil War by rising against their Sovereign and joining with his enemies in England found defeat under the [page 10} heavy hand of Cromwell.

Scotland had to submit to the Commonwealth, and Cromwell laid down twenty-eight fortresses in Scotland with permanent garrisons. A project was devised to abolish the feudal system. “There was, among other measures, to be a restraint on the feudal powers of the territorial Chiefs, by abolishing those portions of their authority which made them judges in Courts of Law, and entitled them to the military attendance of their vassals.” “The vassals holding under any deeds or charters were to continue to hold by yearly rents, services, &c, but without rendering or performing any other duty, vassalage or command whatever.” [4]  

The King, during the period when Cromwell was in power, was driven again in exile in 1653. William Cunningham, Earl of Glencairn, applied to his Majesty for a commission to command a force to be gathered in Scotland. Several of the Clans rose, but Glencairn was soon afterwards superseded by General Middleton who had been taken prisoner at the Battle of Worcester ; disputes followed. The whole affair was blundered and Monk’s second in command, General Morgan, defeated the Royalist Army near Loch Garry when the expedition collapsed.

On the death of Oliver Cromwell the Protectorate was supposed to pass to his son, but a spirit of loyalty revived in both countries. Monk drew together an army and turning to the Royal cause in March 1659, he marched to London where the Presbyterian party had gained the ascendancy over the Independents and eventually both Houses of Parliament invited his Majesty to return to his inheritance. 1660. May 29. King Charles II. reached England and the news was received with joy in Scotland. The Scottish Parliament met at Edinburgh, 1st January 1661, and showed itself very strongly reactionary. The Marquis of Argyle was tried and eventually executed on 27th May 1661. [5]   Various Acts were passed in retaliation for the excesses of the time of [page 11} the Covenant; one of these obliged all clergymen to accept episcopal collation, [6]   in consequence of which a large number of ministers abandoned their benefices. Sundry oppressions drove the people of the West to insurrection in November 1666; they were dispersed by the Battle of Pentland but active discontent continued. In 1678 a commission was given to Chiefs of Clans to reduce to obedience the disaffected : the force consisted of about 8000 men and was called the Highland Host, it formed a great terror to the Lowlands, as they seem to have been allowed to pillage and maraud, though without actual slaughter. In May 1679 Archbishop Sharp was murdered on Magus Moor near St Andrews.

In the West, i.e. Ayr, Lanark, and Kirkcudbright, certain sectarians separating from others held what were called “Armed Conventicles” and styled themselves “The true Presbyterian party in Scotland.”

On Sunday, 1st June 1679, a great Conventicle was held at Loudon Hill in Lanarkshire, when they challenged John Graham of Claverhouse, who commanded a troop of Life Guards in the district where the Conventicle was to be held. Claverhouse advanced after the service had begun, but the Covenanters, having a number of fighting men, took up a position on the farm of Drumclog, and knowing the ground, under the leadership of a young poet, Cleland, burst on the Guards and killed thirty-six while only three of the Covenanters were killed. The Duke of Monmouth, who was called Duke of Buccleuch in Scotland from his marriage with the heiress of that house, was sent to suppress the rising. In the Battle of Bothwell Bridge on the 22nd June 1679 the Covenanters were defeated, but the party remained and issued a testimony called the Sanquhar Declaration., The Duke of York was sent to Scotland as Lord High Commissioner; his first visit was quiet but he returned to preside at the Parliament of 1681. A vexed question then was the Act of Succession and as the Duke was a Roman Catholic it became a great bone of contention. III February 1685 King Charles lI. died.

King James VII. was proclaimed at the Cross of Edinburgh immediately afterwards. By May the insurrection of Monmouth started [page 12} Civil War in both England and Scotland, though the Battle of Sedgemoor and subsequent execution of Monmouth ended it in England. The Earl of Argyle, who led the opposition in Scotland, was likewise beheaded on the 16th June 1685. A period of religious and political disputes followed till on the 4th April 1689 the Convention of the Estates of Scotland declared the throne vacant and offered the Crown to William of Orange and Princess Mary, the King’s own daughter, who had been already appointed King and Queen of England.


VIII. Gregor MacGregor, eldest son of John Dhu nan Luarag, succeeded as MacGregor of Glenstray [8]   on the death of his uncle the Chief, who was executed after the battle of Glenfruin, 1604. Gregor must at that time have been very young, and he remained in the custody of Sir John Murray, afterwards first Earl of Tullibardine. Frequent mention of him is made in vol. i. of this work, some passages of which may here be repeated.

1611. Dec. In the Treasurer’s books appears “Gregour McGregour, now callit Laird of McGregour.” At the same time through some confusion Duncan McEwne, his tutor, is spoken of in the Record of Secret Council, 3rd Jan. 1611, as “now callit the Laird,” [9]   and in the Record of Justiciary, 8th May 1612, Duncan is styled “The Laird of MacGregour.”
Gregor in honour of either his maternal grandfather, Murray of Strowan, or of his custodian, the Laird of Tullibardine, also assumed the christian and surname of John Murray; he was thus known as John Murray of Glenstray, and in the Records is mentioned alternately as “John Murray,” “Gregour Murray,” and “Gregour McGregour.”

1620. June 29. The King wrote to the Earl of Mar, Lord High Treasurer for Scotland, that he had favourable accounts of Gregour Murray, to whom Sir Duncan Campbell had given a Bond to enter him in the lands [page 13} of Glenstray and Stronmelochan, provided he could obtain His Majesty’s assent, that it was His Royal Pleasure that Lord Scone should arrange the matter in terms of the previous agreement. [10]  

1624. April 20. Gregor had from Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay and from Colin Campbell Fiar of Glenurquhay, a Precept of Sasine of the lands in question, as Gregor Murray, alias McGregour, lawful and nearest heir of Alexander McGregor of Glenstray, his great grandfather, who had died last seized and vested in these lands, and he was enfeoffed July 13, 1624. [11]  

The same year Gregor sold the properties of Stronmelochquhan and Glenstray to Sir Duncan Campbell, seventh Laird of Glenurquhay, with consent of his brothers Patrick and Ewin.And thereafter became possessed of the lands of Seybegs in Stirlingshire.

1624. August 24. Gregor Murray, alias McGregor, eldest lawful son of the late John McGregor, brother of the late Alexander MacGregor of Glenstray, was enfeoffed in the town and lands of Seybegs in the Barony of Dunipace, Stirlingshire, upon a Charter in his favour by David Livingstone of Dunipace, 5th July preceding, Record of Justiciary. This property was afterwards sold by Gregor in 1625 to Sir Robert Spottiswood, President of the College of Justice, who had bought the Barony of Dunipace. In the Record of Secret Council, 19th March 1635, mention is made of 10,000 marks belonging to John Murray lying in Sir Robert’s hands.

1626. July 15. Gregor as “Laird of McGregor” was prosecutor with others at the Bar of Justiciary at Edinburgh in the trial of Robert Buchanan of Leny and others for the slaughter of some of the Clan Gregor, 16th March preceding. He acted as the principal of several commissioners appointed by the Secret Council to confer on this subject [page 14} with certain of the Clan Gregor, and on the 29th July had a gift of the escheat of one of the slain as having died intestate and without lawful issue. The particulars of the fray in question will be given in chronological order.

Gregor MacGregor, or Murray, of Glenstray married Margaret Sinclair, widow of John Grant of Carron. In the Record of Justiciary, Nov. 28, 1628, Patrick Grant of Ballindalloch and others were charged with the slaughter of John Grant of Carron, [12]   having wounded him the day before his death, which took place 16th August 1628, and the pursuers were Margaret Sinclair, his relict, &c.

1631. July 29. Margaret Sinclair, spouse of Gregor McGregour of that Ilk callit the Laird of McGregour, is further styled “Ye relict of umqule John Grant of Carroun.” Record of Justiciary containing notice of a complaint by James Crichton of Frendraught, of the Lady of Rothiemay, and others, including besides Gregour of that Ilk and spouse as quoted above, “Callum Bayne M°Gregour in Strathdone, Allaster McGregour McNeill younger, Patrick McGregour in Dalliabo in Strathdoun, Gregour McEan dowie, household man to ye Laird of M'Gregour.”

“August 2. The which day George Lord Gordon compeiring personally before the Lords of Privy Council took the 21st day of Sept. next for the exhibition of McGregour and his wife, ……Gordoun, son to Ardreugnie and his oyes [13]   alive …. Crookshank Redhead and Johne McEan duy in Badenoch to answer for the away taking of Fendraught’s goods, to whom and to such others as the said Lord will undertake to exhibit, the Lords grants warrants and protection eight days before the day of compeirance and for eight days thereafter.” - Record of Secret Council.

It was doubtless the marriage of Gregor with the widow of Carroun which led to his being mixed up with the disturbances in Aberdeenshire, where, [page 15} however, his kinsmen of Roro had already engaged under the Earl of Moray.

“1635. Jan. 26. John Murray, alias McGregor of Glenstray, ‘supplicated the Secret Council,’ stating that he had arrived in Edinburgh on the 11th, and had since been waiting their will and pleasure, but that having received a ‘Post’ informing him that his wife and children are ‘presently sick of a fever’ and wish to see him, he entreats leave to return home.

“19th March. John Murray produced a certificate from the Kirk Session of Comrie that his brother Patrick was ‘heavilie diseased of ane fever.’” - Record of Secret Council.

“July 30. John Murray, alias McGregour, Patrick Murray his brother, with others, were warded in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh till they should find bail for observing the Act of Parliament conformably to the General Band.” - Record of Secret Council.

“1636. 1st April. A letter from King Charles I. to the Secret Council, dated 9th March preceding, was considered by that Court. John Murray and his brother having remained many months in ward, the purport of the King’s letter was that whereas ‘Gregour and Patric Murrays’ had made humble suit to His Majesty to be relieved from prison, to which they had been committed for not taking burthen for the ‘whole name of McGregour,’ and whereas they represented that they had no lands nor possessions in any part of the Kingdom, nor any holding lands of them, and that being by Act of Parliament prohibited from being called by that name, they had taken the name of Murray, therefore it was His Majesty’s pleasure that, upon signing the General Band for themselves, and finding bail for their good behaviour and appearance before the Council when called, the Council should issue a warrant for their liberation from prison and liberty to go about their lawful affairs.”

1639. Dec. 3. John Murray and Margaret Sinclair, his spouse, granted an obligation, to which the Stirlings, elder and younger of Ardoch, [14]   were sureties. This is the last mention of Gregor and nothing is known of any children ; there cannot have been a surviving son, at all events, as his brother Patrick succeeded him.

VIII. Patrick MacGregor or Murray, known as Patrick Roy second son of [page 16} John dhu nan Luarag was during his minority under the care of the Laird of Grant.

1636. Patrick Murray, surnamed Roy, is mentioned in the Records of Justiciary as a juror. In March of the previous year he had been ill of a fever and in July of that year was “warded in the tolbooth of Edinburgh” with his eldest brother as mentioned above.

“1641. Sir Alexander Menzies of Weyme complained to the Secret Council that Patrick Murray who now against the Acts of Council doth also design himself McGregour, ‘had within these fourteen days sent an imperious charge and command to the Complainer to possess the said Patrick of the Lands of Rannoch pertaining hereditably to the Complainer, and that because he, the Complainer, had refused, the said Patrick had come with forty or fifty of his lawless and broken Clan, armed with all sorts of hostile furniture and settled upon that part of the Complainer’s lands called “Kennochlachrie,” and other Rowmes,’ where he and his followers yet remained, collecting mails and duties and oppressing the tenants.”

Patrick McGregor married Jeane Campbell mentioned in Record 27, August 1649, as “Relict of Patrick Murray, Laird of MacGregor.” Register of Committee of Estates of Parliament. From the last entry it is clear that Patrick’s death must have taken place before 1649. But no evidence appears to show how long before. An important point hinges on this. If Patrick, styled Laird of MacGregor, was alive during the time of Montrose’s wars, 1644-1645, it was he who led the Clan in those campaigns.

In the “Lairds of Glenlyon,” [15]   It is mentioned that “in the Civil War they ‘The MacGregors’ once more raised their head and under Patrick Roy, heir of Glenstrae, fought with loyalty so unflinching, and gallantry so conspicuous as to merit the warmest thanks of the Marquis of Montrose, and obtain the written promise of the restitution of their old possessions as soon as his Majesty was restored.”

The writer of that work has relied mostly on tradition, but in this case there seems to be an inherent probability of its correctness. Patrick McGregor left two children.
1. James, of whom later.
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2. Jean, who married Alan Cameron, brother of Sir Ewan Cameron, as is shown by the marriage contract between Alan Cameron and Jean McGregor, sister of James MacGregor of that ilk, 21st August 1666, to which the said James is witness.

Ewen, the third son of John Dhu nan Luarag, has been mentioned in the books of the Lord Treasurer of Scotland as follows :-

“1603. Oct. 3. The Lairds of Tullibardine, Grant, and Murray of Strowan [16]   charged to exhibit to the Secret Council on the 25 instant each of them that son of John Dow McGregour whom they have in keeping,” showing that the youngest was in the charge of his maternal grandfather, Murray of Strowan. In 1631 Ewen, as lieutenant of a regiment raised by the Hon. Adam Gordon, went to Germany, then the seat of war, and died in the expedition. The following is quoted by Mr MacGregor Stirling from the “History of the Earldom of Sutherland” [17]   :-

“1631. In the year 1631 Adam Gordon brother-german to the Earl of Sutherland having after the example of his Cousin Mackay,” Lord Reay formerly Sir Donald McKy, “collected a band of picked soldiers resolved to pass into Germany from a desire, partly to see that country and partly to obtain distinction under the Swedish monarch ; he went with Colonel John Monro of Obstel who was then making a second trip to Germany and appointed Adam, aged 19˝ years first Captain of his regiment. Embarking at Cromarty they with a fair wind landed at Hamburgh. Alexander Gray 2d son of George Gray of Skibo and John Gordon son of Gilbert Gordon of Rein with others of note accompanied Adam. Ewan McGregar, son of John McGregar slain at Glenfruin in 1602-3, was Adam’s lieutenant.” The Latin passage in reference to Ewen MacGregor is as follows :-

“Evenus MacGregor filius johannis MacGregar occisi ad Glenfruin anno millesimo sexcentesimo, Adami Gordoni vicariam potestatern seu, ut vocant, Locum tenentesis exercuit.”

Returning to Vol. I. as far back as chapter xvi., it is mentioned that Patrick, eldest son of Duncan Abberach, who was killed at Bentoig, April [page 18} 1604, carried on the representation of Duncan Ladosach and the House of McIan. He appears to have conducted himself quietly as his name seldom appears in the Register of the Privy Council, where his brother Robert Abroch figures so constantly. In the “Baronage” the writer of the article on MacGregor, the late Sir John MacGregor Murray, must have been in error in believing that this Patrick led the Clan joining Montrose for the support of the royal cause. The mistake, [18]   in regard to the lawful successor of the Chief of Glenstray who was executed after Glenfruin, easily perpetuated itself in the supposition that the style, Laird of MacGregor, must belong to the descendant of Duncan Ladosach, but at that time there were several of the old Glenstray line still extant, and notably the contemporary Patrick, whose position the public records certify, as has becn already shown. Sir John had not access to these records and had therefore to work out the problems without their light.

It is a well established tradition in the family that Patrick Aberach, who was Sir John’s great-great grandfather, was with Montrose, and especially at the Battle of Kilsyth [19]   where he is said to have fought most valiantly. His great-grandchildren, the father and uncles of Sir John, must have known correctly about his personal history and he may have had a high command, but the other Patrick was certainly held to be the Laird.

The following passages may now be quoted from the “Baronage” :-


“XVIII. Patrick succeeded (his Father, Duncan Aberach, who was killed at Bentoig April 1604). He was co-temporary with Malcolm [20]   (see Glenstrae) but the Clan [page 19} unanimously followed this Patrick . . . . whose valour and conduct well qualified him for the Leader of a people. He joined the dauntless Montrose for the support of the royal cause, with above a thousand of his Clan, and, in the course of those troubles remarkably signalized himself. Mr Nisbet in mentioning the Loyalists, says ‘Macgregorii insuper nullis fortitudine et laborunt patientia secundi, suum duceri sequebanter.’ ‘The Macgregors also, a Clan inferior to none in bravery and activity followed their chiefs.’ While Patrick and his Clan were in the north with Montrose, the same author informs us, that, Argathetiorum superstites fseu rerum omnium in suo agra penuria, sui pravalidi et extrema militantes Macdonaldi mentu et potentia, exterres in Macgregorios et Macnabios, qui Montesrosano favebant, invecti sunt, et junctis sibi postmodurn Stewartis qui Balcordriam incolunt, et Menegiis aliisqui mentos qui ad hunc Argathelii sequebantur fortunam, ad nile et quingentos contraxisse.”

In this incursion the foederati destroyed the old Castle of Glendochart and took much booty ; but Bishop Wishart elsewhere tells, us, that great part of the plunder was retaken, and the Argathelians soon driven out of that country with considerable loss.

Patrick was in particular esteem with Montrose, and in several letters from him, two of which are carefully preserved, addressed to his special and trusty friend, the Honble Patrick Laird of Macgregor, [21]   that great man, in the strongest terms, expressed his hearty approbation of the Laird’s unshaken loyalty, and assured him, that “His Majesty’s affairs being once upon a permanent footing, the grievances of his family and Clan should be effectually redressed.” But their chief hopes died with this great hero, tho’ indeed, in consequence of their loyalty they were thereafter restored to their name by King Charles II. by Act of Parliament.

“‘The King’s Majesty considering that these were formerly designed by the name of Macgregor, have during these troubles carried themselves with such loyalty and affection to his Majesty, as may wipe off all memory of their former miscarriages, and take off all mark of reproach put upon them for the same &c. Therefore, his Majesty with consent and advice of his estates of parliament, doth rescind, cass and annul, the 30th Act of the first parliament of King Charles I. entitled an Act against the Clan Gregor, and declares the same void and null in all time coming, and that it should be hereafter free to all persons come of the name and race of the Clan Gregor, to keep and make use of the said name of Gregor or MacGregor, and enjoy all the privileges and immunities as other subjects, notwithstanding of the said act, or any other acts, or anything therein contained to the contrary, &c.’ ”

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By Marion, daughter of Macdonald of Auchtrichatan, chief of the most powerful tribe of the Macdonalds in Glencoe, he had three sons.
1. John, his heir - of whom hereafter.
2. James who was an officer in the army and eventually settled in America of whom a fuller account will be given later.
3. Duncan, died unmarried.

[1] Taken from Burton’s “History of Scotland,” “Browne’s Highlanders” &c

[2] Burton

[3] The King was induced to send letter to Montrose, 19th May therafter, ordering him to disband his forces.

[4] These measures do not appear to have been actually enforced.

[5] A number of Scottish records which had been carried off to London, were shipped thence to be returned to Scotland before the end of 1661, but were lost on the way by shipwreck.

[6] Presentation to a benefice by a bishop.

[7] This account is condensed and revised from a MS Memoir of the House of Glenstray by the Rev. William MacGregor Stirling.

[8] Mentioned Vol I pp 333, 392-394 vol 1 chapter 27

[10] Vol I pp 441-442 vol 1 chapter 35

[11] Vol I pp 452-453. Gregor was the son of John Dhu, son of Gregor Roy nan Bassan Gheal, son of Alastair V, who was enfeoffed in Glenstray 1558, vol I p54, and it appears that none of his successors were properly seized and vested in the lands till his Great Grandson, who was duly put in possession apparently to give him a just title to sell the property to Glenurquhay.

[12] Carron was murdered 11th September 1628 by Grant of ballindalloch, whose great grandfather had been slin by Carron’s ancestor, John Roy Grant of Carron, natural son of Grant of Glenmoriston about the middle of the 16th century. The younger Carron was nephew of James Grant who shot Patrick Gearr MacGregor in 1632.

[13] grandchildren

[14] It is probable that Margaret Sinclair belonged to the family of Sinclair of Ardoch, cadets of the Rosslyn family. The heiress of the Sinclairs had carried Ardoch into the family of Stirling by marriage with younger son of Stirling of Keir.

[15] By Duncan Campbell

[17] Ross’s MS Latin translation of Gordon’s “Earldom of Sutherland” in Advocates Library, Edinburgh in which at page 134, he corrects entry on page 450 of the printed work

[19] n a bond of Maintenance with the Earl of Argyle, dated August 24th 1573, quoted in vol I page 169: “Robert McGregour, sone to “Duncan Abroch is mentioned and as Patrick was older than him, even allowing that they may have been children in 1573, they must have been past 70 in 1645

[20] Error in chronology, Patrick was co-temporary with the sons of John Dhu nan Luarag.

[21] This was the second son of John dhu nan Luarag, the rightful representative of his Uncle, the Chief at Glenfruin.